The Facts About Bosnia And Herzegovina

Overview of Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a state in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro and contains a little Adriatic Seashore. The geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous. The government process is an emerging federal democratic republic.

Information on Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Full Name:

the country’s official name was the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina but following the 1995 Dayton Agreement and the new constitution that accompanied it the official name was changed to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

National Language:

The National Language of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian


Sarajevo is the capital of  Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sarajevo is a very beautiful city & heart of the political & economic activities of the country.

Official Religion:

Islam is the official religion of the country.

Total Population:

The total population of the country consists of 3.324 million people.

Currency Name & Value:

The Currency of the country is called Bosnian Mark (BAM) & one American Dollar is equal to 1.65 Bosnian Mark (BAM).

Total Area:

The total area of the country is 51,197 km².


States of the country are given below

Herzegovina Neretva, Sarajevo, Serbian Republic, Tuzla, Zenica Doboj


Some of the famous cities of the country are as below

Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Zenica, Bijeljina, Mostar, Prijedor, Brčko, Doboj, Ilidža, Cazin, Zvornik, Živinice, Bihać, Travnik, Gradiška, Gračanica, Lukavac, Tešanj, Sanski Most

Famous Food:

It is a food rich country. There are many famous foods here but these are the famous foods of the country.

  • Cevapi
  • Somun
  • Begova Cobra
  • Baklava
  • Burek
  • Klepe
  • Grah
  • Dolma
  • Sogan Dolma
  • Bosanski Lonac
  • Roast Lamb
  • Roasted Chestnuts
  • Ustipci
  • Tufahija
  • Travnik Cheese

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Historical Places:

  • Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic Bridge
  • Old Bridge (Stari Most)
  • Sarajevo City Hall.
  • The Yellow Fortress.
  • Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque.
  • Sebilj Brunnen (Fountain)
  • Kajtaz’s House.

Things to do:

It is a culture rich country & you can do a lot of things here like

  • Walk through a world of history in Sarajevo
  • Ski on Europe’s most affordable slopes
  • Search for miracles and wine at Medjugorje
  • Raft the Tara Canyon
  • Cross Mostar’s famous bridge
  • Tuck into hearty Balkan cuisine
  • Visit a Dervish monastery in Blagaj
  • Cooldown at Kravica Waterfall

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Interesting things:

  • Twenty years after the war, land mines are still a very real threat
  • Sarajevo was the first city in Europe with a full-time electric tram
  • One of Europe’s last jungles can be found here
  • Sarajevo was the first communist city to host winter games.
  • It has three official languages.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Economy:

Bosnia and Herzegovina is an upper-middle-income country that has accomplished a great deal since the mid-1990s. Today, it is an EU potential candidate country and is now embarking on a new growth model amid a period of slow growth and the global financial crisis.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a small, open economy, dominated by services, which accounted for 55% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016, with a moderately developed industrial and manufacturing sector (23% and 12%, respectively), and a limited agricultural base (about 6% of GDP). The key economic challenge for Bosnia and Herzegovina in the imbalance of its economic model: public policies and incentives are skewed toward the public rather than the private sector, consumption rather than investment, and imports rather than exports. The country needs to shift to a business environment that is conducive to private investment. The country faces the dual problem of rebuilding a war-torn country and introducing liberty market reforms to its economy.

  • Nominal GDP is $6,009
  • PPP GDP is $14,894
  • Labor force is 1,226,600
  • Exports are $6.92 billion
  • Imports are $10.21 billion

Bosnia and Herzegovina  Armed Forces:

  • Active personnel are 9200
  • Reserve personnel are 5000

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